Ten-Tec Jupiter Line Input Mod: I’ll skip this one, thanks

ten-tec-jupiter-station

My Ten-Tec Jupiter-based station. In the foreground is my Ten-Tec 777 headset. Behind that is my Ten-Tec 538 Jupiter (early model). Atop that is an MFJ-993B IntelliTuner automatic antenna tuner. Atop that is an elderly AEA (now Timewave) DSP-232 running APRS in conjunction with the laptop at the left and an unseen VHF radio set to 144.390 MHz. At the very top is a SignaLink USB that I use between the Jupiter and my computer for digital modes such as PSK-31.

I love my Ten-Tec Jupiter. Very good rig! But I noted earlier that I had trouble feeding it audio for HF digital work because the line input via the AUX1 connector is remarkably sensitive. I had to put a 10:1 voltage divider in the SignaLink USB to cut the audio down to what the Jupiter would accept. It works, but the Jupiter is still too sensitive and the adjustment takes some finesse.

As it turns out, the later (black) Jupiters had a “small” modification so they wouldn’t be so sensitive. Thanks to reader Sal for pointing this out. Here’s the deal. Ten-Tec now offers a sound card interface similar in concept to the SignaLink USB, although without the knobs and adjustments. It’s called the “MODEL 712 – USB SOUNDCARD DIGITAL MODE ADAPTER CABLE.” But…there’s a warning that comes with the 712:

“NOTE ON USE WITH JUPITER HF TRANSCEIVER
“The earlier version of the Jupiter with the gray case and green screen is not usable with the 712 as a plug-and-play device. The later black case/blue screen Jupiter can be used as-is with 712. There is too much gain internal to the transceiver on the line input which makes use of the 712 problematic with the earlier Jupiter. There is a small hardware modification to the earlier Jupiter which will allow use of the 712 as a plug-and-play device; contact TenTec Service at (865) 428-0364 or service@tentec.com for information.”

I contacted Ten-Tec to inquire as to the “small hardware modification.” Garry Green, N4CJX, at Ten-Tec replied with a single JPEG image. I zero in on the relevant part in the following photo.

538_line_input mod

Here's the photo I received from Ten-Tec, noting a resistor that needs to be replaced with a 33K-ohm resistor. No other instructions were provided. Photo from Ten-Tec.

 
I wouldn’t exactly call this single photo a complete set of instructions for making the modification, so I investigated further prior to opening up my Jupiter. I dug into the instruction manual, which comes with extensive parts-layout drawings, schematics, and bills of materials. Here’s a close-up of Figure 4-15 from the original instruction manual, which is the parts layout diagram for the Digital Signal Processing (DSP) printed circuit board (PCB). Note that this is a high-res scan.  
r52_part_placement_diagram

The modification is to replace R52. I added an orange arrow to point out the part. This is only a tiny portion of the diagram—I couldn't read it without a magnifying glass.

 
As it turns out, the part is R52 on the DSP PCB. Okay, let’s find out what R52 is. Here’s a closeup from Figure 4-11, the audio input/output portion of the DSP PCB.
dsp_board_schematic

Ten-Tec Jupiter schematic shows that the resistor to be modified is 330K-ohms. I circled R52 with a blue ball-point pen.

 
All right, we’re swapping out a 330K-ohm resistor with one that’s 33K-ohm, a factor of ten between the two. Fair enough. But, actual inspection of the circuit board reveals this:
r52_close-up_with_dime

Ah! No wonder it's a "small" modification. Look at the size of R52. It's about the same size as the "N" on the dime.


Uh…yes, it’s a “small modification.” Very small. I put a dime in the photo so you can see just how small it is. Compare the size of R52 (orange arrow) with the “N” in “One Dime.” Also note that the integrated circuit just to the right of the part is actually a surface-mount device, itself very small.

So, I’d say the modification is “too small.” I’d need a microscope to fix this! Frankly, I don’t think John Q. Ham can attempt this without some seriously uncommon equipment. I certainly can’t! So…I guess my gray-box Jupiter will stay unmodified, and I’ll live with the quite-sufficient work-around I made to the SignaLink USB. It was a lovely journey into the depths of my Jupiter, but it has all the attributes of “look but don’t touch!”

P.S. Opening the Jupiter requires dealing with some screws with a weird star pattern that won’t accept a traditional screwdriver. I didn’t have the right tool, but found that a 5/64-th hex key (Allen) wrench, if used gently, works.

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4 Responses to Ten-Tec Jupiter Line Input Mod: I’ll skip this one, thanks

  1. Dave says:

    Hi Skips, I would love to do as you suggest, which would most certainly work. However, take a look at the photo. The resistor in question is a surface-mount device that is smaller than the N in ONE DIME. Further, it’s down on the board next to some tall capacitors. I don’t have the skill or tools to tack a 33K resistor across the 330K resistor—the area is simply too hard to get at.

  2. Skips says:

    Why one wouldn’t just solder the 33K resistor on top of, and in parallel with, the 330K is beyond me. The total resistance will be within 10% of a 33K resistor. DONE faster, safer, AND easier.

  3. Dave says:

    Armol, wow, you must have the hands of a brain surgeon! Not only is the surface-mounted resistor no larger than the N on a dime, but it’s buried near some rather large components on the board. Tackling this job is way beyond my skill level!

  4. That is easy, with a small tip iron and some wick and a small hook to pull the resistor of on one end at at time when you have wicked the solder off the connections. Place the new one in place and hold with a pointed soldering aid tool and put a little solder on each end of the resistor. Just as it starts to flow pull the iron away..DONE

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